It's only an extra chromosome!!👍🏼♥️
The term trisomy is used to describe the presence of three chromosomes, rather than the usual matched pair of chromosomes.
Down syndrome is a chromosomal condition that occurs when an individual has a partial or complete extra copy of chromosome 21 and is associated with intellectual disability, a characteristic facial appearance, and weak muscle tone (hypotonia) in infancy. All affected individuals experience cognitive delays, but the intellectual disability is usually mild to moderate.
Children with Down syndrome can usually do most things that any young child can do, such as walking, talking, dressing, and being toilet trained. However, they generally do these things later than other children.
The degree of intellectual disability that accompanies the syndrome varies widely and ranges from mild to moderate to severe. Most falls within the mild to moderate range and they can live a totally independent life, make relationships, and work regularly.
Individuals with Down syndrome have an increased risk of developing several medical conditions. These include gastroesophageal reflux, which is a backflow of acidic stomach contents into the esophagus, and celiac disease, which is an intolerance of a wheat protein called gluten.
They often experience a gradual decline in thinking ability (cognition) as they age, but this usually starts at around age 50!
#memes #medicine #medicalschool #mbbs #motivation #medicalscience #medical #mci #medlife #usmle #usmlestep1 #usmleprep #fmge #fmge_mci_exam #neet #nurses #nursingschool #anatomyandphysiology2 #anatomyandphysiology #doctors #diseases #surgery