Photo by Ismail Ferdous @ismailferdous | “The Great Land Swap”
Four years after India and Bangladesh exchanged exclaves to simplify the world's most complex border, many who chose to move rather than to change their citizenship find that their prospects are not what they'd hoped. These incongruous plots of land within the borders of another nation's territory, known geographically as exclaves (or enclaves) and locally as chhitmahals, had been home to approximately 53,000 people, according to a 2011 Indian census—38,000 Indians in the exclaves of Bangladesh and 15,000 Bangladeshis in the exclaves in India. (An easy, if overly simplistic, explanation is that enclave is to exclave as immigrant is to emigrant: The chhitmahals of India and Bangladesh were both enclave and exclave, in the same way that an immigrant to one country is also an emigrant from another. But also: An exclave is a bit of a country split from its motherland by one or more countries, such as Kaliningrad, Russia, which is separated from Russia by Poland and Lithuania, while an enclave is a territory wholly embedded within another. Only three "true" enclaved nations exist in the world: Lesotho, Vatican City, and San Marino.)#borders #exclaves #enclaves #india #bangladesh .